Groups of NewsCodes

IPTC groups the NewsCodes by their purpose:

The tables, used acronyms, and the display of NewsCodes are explained in the User Guide below.

Descriptive NewsCodes

Note: clicking on “diagram” below will show an easy to use tree-like visualization of the NewsCodes.

Genre

(diagram)

N1TS
G2KI
RDFX
RDFT

Indicates a nature, journalistic or intellectual characteristic of an item.

Media Topic

(diagram)

G2KI
Excel
RDFX
RDFT

Indicates a subject of an item.
NOTE: The Media Topic NewsCodes is IPTC’s new (as of December 2010) 1100-term taxonomy with a focus on text. The development started with the Subject Codes and extended the tree to 5 levels and reused the same 17 top level terms. The terms below the top level have been revised and rearranged. Each Media Topic provides a mapping back to one of the Subject Codes.

Scene

(diagram)

N1TS
G2KI
RDFX
RDFT

Indicates a type of scene covered by an item.

Subject Code

(diagram)

N1TS
G2KI
Excel
RDFX
RDFT

Indicates a subject of an item.
NOTE: The Subject Codes is IPTC ‘s original subject taxonomy, with a focus on text. It consists of about 1400 terms organized into 3 levels.
Subject Qualifier

N1TS
G2KI
RDFX
RDFT

Indicates a narrower attribute-like context for a Subject Code,  e.g. for sports: the gender of participants, indoor/outdoor competition etc.
NOTE: this vocabulary should be used with “Subject Code”
World Region

G2KI
RDFX
RDFT

Indicates a region of the world.

Administrative NewsCodes

Audiocodec N1TS
G2KI
Indicates a name of an audio-encoder/decoder.
NOTE: Many of these are controlled by international standards.
Colorspace N1TS
G2KI
Indicates the colorspace of a digital image.
Digital Source Type G2KI Indicates from which source a digital image was created.
News Product G2KI Indicates a product of a News Provider.
NOTE: see also News Provider NewsCodes
News Provider G2KI Indicates a News Provider registered with the IPTC.
NOTE: see also News Product NewsCodes
Of Interest To N1TS
G2KI
Indicates a target audience for an item.
Urgency N1TS
G2KI
Indicates the editorial urgency of an item.
Videocodec N1TS
G2KI
Indicates a name of a video-encoder/decoder.
NOTE: Many of these are controlled by international standards.

Deprecated taxonomies (= do not assign these NewsCodes anymore)

Provider (deprecated)
Indicates a company, publication or service provider.
NOTE: the successors of this vocabulary are News Product and News Provider.

Transmission NewsCodes

Priority N1TS
G2KI
Indicates the relative priority of an item for a distribution process.

G2-Standards-Exchange Format NewsCodes

For G2-Standards a mapping of Scheme-URIs to aliases is required – a so called Catalog. The IPTC provides a Catalog file for all the controlled vocabularies listed below. Find more information on this file on a special Catalog page.

Nature of a News Item G2KI Indicates the nature of news in a News Item or Package Item.
NOTE: Relates to the media type of news.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 items.
Nature of a Catalog Item G2KI Indicates the nature of the content of a Catalog Item.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 items.
Nature of a Concept Item G2KI Indicates the nature of the concept in a Concept Item or Knowledge Item.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 items.
Nature of a Planning Item G2KI Indicates the nature of the content of a Planning Item.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 items.
Nature of a Concept G2KI Indicates the basic nature of a concept.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 items.
Application of Metadata Values G2KI

Indicates how the metadata value was applied.

Colour Indicator G2KI Indicates the basic colouring of an image.
Communication Technology G2KI Indicates the communication technology used for this part of the contact info.
Content Rendition G2KI Indicates a kind of content rendition.
Content Warning G2KI Indicates why the content of the item should be reviewed as it may be perceived as being offensive.
Description Role G2KI Indicates the role that a specific instance of a description takes among all descriptions.
Dimension Unit G2KI Indicates the unit used for measuring a dimension of content.
Editorial Role G2KI Indicates the role this item takes in an editorial workflow.
Extraction of metadata values G2KI Indicates how a metadata value was extracted from content.
Hash Type G2KI Indicates the function by which a hash value was generated.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 items.
Hash Scope G2KI Indicates the scope of a hash value.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 items.
Hop Action G2KI Indicates the action taken at a hop of the hop history.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 items.
Hop Action Target G2KI Indicates the target to which an action taken at a hop of the hop history applies.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 items.
Infosource Role G2KI Indicates the role of the information source.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 items.
Item-relation G2KI Indicates the relationship between the current item and the target resource.
Item Representation G2KI Indicates the way the target item is represented at this location.
Layout Orientation G2KI Indicates whether the human interpretation of the top of the image is aligned to its short or long side.
Language Role G2KI Indicates the role of the language among all languages used by the content.
Media Type (G2) G2KI Indicates a basic media type of news content.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 items.
Name Role G2KI Indicates the role this specific instance of a name takes among all names.
Name Part G2KI Indicates the part of a name.
News Coverage Status G2KI Indicates the intention of the news provider to cover an event.
News Message Signal G2KI Indicates how the items conveyed by a News Message should be processed.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 News Messages.
Packagegroup Mode G2KI Indicates whether the members of a Package Item group are complementary or alternative and whether their order is relevant.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 items.
Publishing Status G2KI Indicates the publishing status of a G2 item.
NOTE: this vocabulary applies only to NewsML-G2 items, NewsML 1 items use a different vocabulary.
Rights Info Aspect G2KI Indicates the aspect of intellectual property rights that are expressed by a rights info property in a G2 item.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 items.
Rights Info Scope G2KI Indicates the scope of a rights info property in a G2 item.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 items.
Role of a Part of the Contact Info G2KI Indicates the role of a part of a contact info component.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 items.
Severity G2KI Indicates the importance of a signal.
Signal G2KI Indicates a specific instruction to the processor of a G2 item that the content requires special handling.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 items.
Time Unit G2KI Indicates the unit of time used for measuring the length of audio or video content.
Value Format G2KI Indicates the format of an alternative identifier
Video Definition G2KI Indicates the video definition using broad terms.
Video Scaling G2KI Indicates the scaling of video content.
Why-present G2KI Indicates why the metadata value has been included.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to G2 items.

EventsML-G2 specific NewsCodes

For G2-Standards a mapping of Scheme-URIs to aliases is required – a so called Catalog. The IPTC provides a Catalog file for all the controlled vocabularies listed below. Find more information on this file on a special Catalog page.

Event Date Confirmation G2KI Indicates whether start and/or end dates and, optionally, times are confirmed.
Event Occurence Status G2KI Indicates how certain the occurrence of the event is.
Event Registration Role G2KI Indicates the class of a registration.
Event Participant Role G2KI Indicates the role a participant takes in the event.
Event Organiser Role G2KI Indicates the role an organiser takes in the event.
Event Contact Info Role G2KI Indicates the class of the contact information.

NewsML 1.x-Exchange Format NewsCodes

Characteristics
Property
N1TS Defines the name and the semantics (not the value) of a physical characteristic of the content of a  NewsML 1 news item.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to NewsML 1.x items.
Confidence N1TS Indicates the degree of certainty that an applied metadata value is correct.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to NewsML 1.x items.
Encoding N1TS Indicates an encoding scheme used to transform data.
NOTE: This vocabulary can be used with NewsML 1.x and NewsML-G2.
Format N1TS Indicates the technical format of content.
NOTE: Examples are JPEG for a picture, MP3 for audio or NITF or PDF for text.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to NewsML 1.x items.
How Present N1TS Indicates how a metadata property relates to the content of a NewsML 1 news item.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to NewsML 1.x items.
Importance N1TS Indicates the importance of an item of metadata applied to a news item.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to NewsML 1.x items.
Label Type N1TS Indicates the type of a label.
NOTE: Labels are portions of human readable text – unlike most other metadata which are considered to be primarily machine readable only.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to NewsML 1.x items.
Location Type N1TS Indicates the type of a location.
NOTE: This vocabulary can be used with NewsML 1.x and NewsML-G2.
Media Type N1TS Indicates a basic media type of news content.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to NewsML 1.x items.
News Item Type N1TS Indicates, in a very broad way, the type of ContentItem carried by a NewsML 1 news item.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to NewsML 1.x items.
Notation N1TS Indicates the notation of a ContentItem.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to NewsML 1.x items.
Property_Type N1TS Indicates the type of a NewsML 1 Property element.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to NewsML 1.x items.
Relevance N1TS Indicates the relevance of a NewsML 1 news item to the target audience specified by “OfInterestTo”.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to NewsML 1.x items.
Role in Package N1TS Indicates the role of a NewsML 1 news item within a package of several news items.
NOTE: Examples are “Main” (content), “Supporting”, or “Caption”.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to NewsML 1.x items.
Status
(NewsML 1)
N1TS Indicates the current usability of a NewsML 1 news item.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to NewsML 1.x items.
Topic Type N1TS Indicates the type of a concept represented by a topic.
NOTE: This vocabulary applies only to NewsML 1.x items.

Photo Metadata specific NewsCodes

The IPTC metadata schemas for photos “IPTC Core” and “IPTC Extension” require a few specific controlled vocabularies:

Digital Source Type G2KI Indicates from which source a digital image was created.

User Guide

Each group is shown by a table with 3 columns:

  1. The name of the NewsCodes vocabulary.Clicking on it displays the NewsCodes vocabulary as HTML page.
  2. Formats for download:
    N1TS = as a NewsML 1 topicset
    G2KI = as a G2 Knowledge Item
    Find more on Topicset or Knowledge Item in the NewsCodes Glossary.
    Excel = as Excel file
    RDFX = RDF/XML using SKOS
    RDFT = RDF/Turtle using SKOS
  3. Description of this NewsCodes vocabulary.

 

Clicking the name of a NewsCode: what you will see

A new window will open showing a list of all terms of this vocabulary.

For each entry this all is shown:

  • The Concept Id (green cell): the identifier for this concept expressed by a QCode and the corresponding full URL.
  • A concept type of the entry, expressed  as QCode from the Nature of a Concept NewsCodes
  • The date when this concept entry was created
  • The date when this concept entry was modified 
  • The date in red when this concept entry was retired = it should not be used any longer as for some reason this concept does not refer to an active thing anymore.
  • The name and the definition (blue rows) in one or more languages. The language tag of the shown language is displayed next to Name or Definition.
    How to select other languages than the shown ones is explained in the CV Server Guidelines
  • Member of scheme: the URL of the vocabulary to which this concept pertains.

Clicking “N1TS” or “G2KI”: what you will get

Upon clicking N1TS:

  • Internet Explorer, Firefox and Chrome will display XML code.
  • Using Safari don’t click the acronym but use the “Save link as…” function of the context menu, save the result as a file, apply a proper name and “.xml” as extension.

Upon clicking G2K, RDFXML or RDFT

  • All tested browsers – Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, Safari – propose to download a file. Do this for saving the data locally.

Automated retrieval of NewsCodes in many formats

IPTC NewsCodes can be downloaded by automation scripts or by human interaction from the IPTC CV server, the functionality above is part of this generic feature. The download is available in different formats to better integrate with the Semantic Web – see how this can be done >>>